Book Title: Punishing Race: A Continuing American Dilemma (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Michael Tonry
- The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America (The Wadsworth Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series)
- The Big Eddy Club: The Stocking Stranglings and Southern Justice
- Lockdown America: Police and Prisons in the Age of Crisis
- Arrested Justice: Black Women, Violence, and America’s Prison Nation
- Understanding Mass Incarceration: A People's Guide to the Key Civil Rights Struggle of Our Time
- Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences
- The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy, Second Edition
- American Criminal Justice Policy: An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and Effectiveness
- Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life, 2nd Edition with an Update a Decade Later
- Breaking Women: Gender, Race, and the New Politics of Imprisonment
How can it be, in a nation that elected Barack Obama, that one third of African American males born in 2001 will spend time in a state or federal prison, and that black men are seven times likelier than white men to be in prison? Blacks are much more likely than whites to be stopped by the police, arrested, prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned, and are much less likely to have confidence in justice system officials, especially the police.
In Punishing Race
, Michael Tonry demonstrates in lucid, accessible language that these patterns result not from racial differences in crime or drug use but primarily from drug and crime control policies that disproportionately affect black Americans. These policies in turn stem from a lack of white empathy for black people, and from racial stereotypes and resentments provoked partly by the Republican Southern Strategy of using coded "law and order" appeals to race to gain support from white voters. White Americans, Tonry observes, have a remarkable capacity to endure the suffering of disadvantaged black and, increasingly, Hispanic men. Crime policies are among a set of social policies enacted since the 1960s that have maintained white dominance over black people despite the end of legal discrimination. To redress these injustices, Tonry offers a number of proposals: stop racial profiling by the police, shift the emphasis of drug law enforcement to treatment and prevention, eliminate mandatory sentencing laws, and change sentencing guidelines to allow judges discretion to take account of offenders' life circumstances. Those proposals are all attainable and would all reduce unjustifiable racial disparities and the collateral human and social harms they cause.
A damning indictment of decades of misguided criminal justice policy, Punishing Race
takes a crucial look at persisting racial injustice in America.